On the morning of December 11th, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc chaired the National Online Conference on reviewing the work of poverty reduction in the period of 2016 - 2020. Attendances were Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam, Head of the Steering Committee of Central National Target Program for Sustainable Poverty Reduction; leaders of ministries, branches and central mass organizations; local leaders.
The scene of the conference at Tien Giang province.
Attending at the online bridge point of Tien Giang province, there were Mr. Vo Van Binh, Permanent Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and leaders of departments, agencies, branches and mass organizations of the province.
According to the report at the conference, the poverty reduction has achieved many positive results. The poverty rate has been decreasing continuously over the years across the country and in regions. Resources allocated and mobilized for the implementation of the national target program for sustainable poverty reduction in the 2016 - 2020 period are VND 93,000 billion. Vietnam is one of 30 countries applying the multidimensional poverty line; in addition to the income index, the poverty line has 10 indicators to identify the level of deprivation of access to 5 basic social services, including health, education, housing, clean water and sanitation, information.
In the 2016 - 2020 period, in poor and extremely difficult districts and communes, about 18,000 infrastructure projects have been invested and put into use over 15,000 works; about 7,000 works are maintained. Total investment capital is over VND32,000 billion. Infrastructure connecting the region is invested such as electricity, roads, schools, stations and other essential works for production, goods circulation, and people. In particular, there has been a change in awareness and action of a part of the poor. Some typical examples of voluntary application to escape poverty have emerged. In addition, poverty reduction also has shortcomings that need to be overcome in the future. In specific, poverty reduction results are not sustainable. The rate of falling back into poverty, new poverty incidence is still high. There was the gap between rich and poor between regions, population groups; the review and integration of poverty reduction policies is still slow, etc.
Giving his speech at the conference, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc highly appreciated localities to escape poverty, households who are self-reliant and take care of business to get out of poverty by themselves. The Prime Minister said that in all our responsibility towards the people, poverty reduction is a task of the greatest social significance and most human affection. This is an important socialist orientation of Vietnam under the leadership of the Party. In the 2016 - 2020 period, the poverty rate has been brought from 9.88% in 2015 to 2019 to 3.75% and is expected to be less than 3% in 2020, making Vietnam the first country to finish first the United Nations Millennium Goals for Poverty Reduction. Up to now, 100% of communes have roads for cars to drive to the center, 99% of commune centers and 80% of villages have electricity; 100% of ethnic minorities and the poor have free health insurance.
Although Vietnam is a bright spot in the world, it is still modest compared to the challenges, especially the immediate ones, the results of poverty reduction are not really sustainable, easy to fall back into poverty, rich and poor disparities among regions, population groups have not been narrowed down. In many places, the poverty rate is still over 50%; the proportion of poor ethnic minority households is still high, etc. Therefore, "poverty reduction in the coming time is a task of both the mind and the heart", the Prime Minister suggested the whole country should implement a new movement: "Each commune, each district builds a typical poverty reduction model suitable for their locality" with more creative ways, sustainable poverty reduction starting with children, special attention should be paid to human capital. The localities that have better conditions support poor districts and communes with extremely difficult socio-economic conditions; the government has to be closer to the people, master each household to have specific support measures, etc.