Tien Giang province attaches special importance to taking advantage of the water surface, bringing in aquatic products of consumption and export value in order to exploit well the economic potentials of the Mekong Delta region with a crowded network of rivers and canals. From the beginning of this year up to now, the whole province has stocked nearly 10,400 hectares of aquatic products, reaching 65.5% of the year target and an increase of more than 0.9% over the same period last year. By early April 2021, local farmers had harvested nearly 35,000 tons of fishery of all kinds, reaching nearly 22% of the year target and an increase of more than 6% over the same period last year. In general, in the first months of 2021, the aquaculture industry has continued to develop quite smoothly, the main types of aquatic products of the province such as shrimp, clam, and fish of all kinds have stable outputs, and profitable farmers, etc.
In addition, the exploitation of water surface potential in aquaculture is very concerned by the locality and is one of the important contents of restructuring agricultural production to adapt to climate change. Selecting suitable aquatic species with high efficiency depends on the locality and ecological sub-region. In particular, coastal districts such as Go Cong Dong and Tan Phu Dong focus on raising tiger shrimp, white shrimp, and bivalve molluscs in the salty and brackish ecosystem to supply seafood processing industry for export, create jobs for workers in difficult areas, contribute to building a new rural area in the locality. The districts and towns of the western flood control area of the province, including districts of Cai Be, Cai Lay, Chau Thanh and Cai Lay town, etc are also interested in expanding the area of freshwater aquaculture with many valuable species with high economy such as catfish, crayfish, snakehead fish, anabas, etc.
In order to take advantage of the aquaculture advantages, suitable to local characteristics, the province also diversifies farming forms, applies science and technology to increase productivity, yield and quality of harvested commodity agricultural products. In which, the popular culture is farming in ponds and lakes, raising cages on the Tien River and farming clam and bivalve molluscs along the coast of Tan Thanh, Tan Dien (Go Cong Dong district) and Phu Tan (Tan Phu Dong district). The province also encourages farmers in difficult areas to change the structure of suitable crops and animals, of which, aquaculture is one of the important directions through technology transfer, preferential funding, production area planning, etc. with the support of relevant industries, namely Agriculture and Rural Development, Farmers Association, Social Policy Bank, etc. Thus, it has shaped the nursing fish breeding profession in the communes belonging to Dong Thap Muoi area, fish cage farming village along Tien river, shrimp farming areas for export in the eastern coastal districts of the province such as Go Cong Dong, Go Cong Tay, Tan Phu Dong, etc. practically helping farmers to develop potentials of land and labor.
Go Cong Dong district has an area of more than 20km of coastline which is considered as one of the key areas for salt and brackish aquaculture in Tien Giang province. The whole district has more than 3,300 hectares of water surface for aquaculture, in which, there are 880 hectares of shrimp, 2,200 hectares of clam, and the rest is for fish farming with the annual output of nearly 20,500 tons. Go Cong Dong district aims to diversify species and farming methods to meet market demand and reduce risks. In addition to key species such as clam and shrimp, there are also traditional cultured species such as tilapia, tra fish, etc. Aquatic economy in general, salty and brackish aquaculture in particular contribute greatly to developing economics, improving the lives of people in coastal areas, and help build a new rural area successfully. In 2020, Go Cong Dong district has 100% of communes meeting the standards of new rural communes, and the district is also recognized by the Prime Minister for the first new rural district of the province.
Cai Lay district located in the flood control area in the West, diversifies the form of fresh aquaculture with objects of high economic value such as catfish, red catfish, hybrid catfish, etc. Many farming methods such as breeding on rice fields, in ponds and ditches, raising cages on Tien river, etc. The area of water surface for aquaculture in the whole district reaches nearly 1,000 ha, not including hundreds of cages for raising freshwater fish on Tien river. On average, each year, the district has a production of fish from 28,000 to 30,000 tons of products. Many farmers get rich through innovative and efficient models of aquaculture.
Typically, Mr. Nguyen Van Duc Nho, born in 1964, lives in My An hamlet, Nhi My ward, Cai Lay town with the model of nurturing fingerlings to serve the needs of aquaculture in the people. His family has 4,000 square meters of arable land previously planted with rice, and his income is unstable. Realizing the opportunity to change production, being trained by the Agricultural Extension Station and Agricultural Service of Cai Lay town to transfer aquaculture techniques, he invested in making ponds and ditches in order to nurture and supply yellow catfish fingerlings. With the new production model, Mr. Nho sells fingerlings three turns per year, with the net profit of VND110 million. From the difficult economic situation, he was recognized as a typical good local farmer in production and business.
Currently, the nurturing fingerlings is prevalent in the western flood control areas such as Cai Lay, Cai Be, Tan Phuoc, specializing in providing quality breeds such as pangasius, anabas, hybrid catfish, sesame, carp, etc. serving the needs of freshwater aquaculture inside and outside the province.